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Balkans in WW1

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Re: Balkans in WW1
« Reply #50 on: Nov 07, 2019, 05:25:37 pm »
 

Al Bundy

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Serbs not welcome on Anzach March  >:(













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Re: Balkans in WW1
« Reply #51 on: Nov 08, 2019, 03:44:32 pm »
 

Al Bundy

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Austro - Hungarian Army occupied capital of Serbia - Belgrade. There are celebration in Wien but...













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Re: Balkans in WW1
« Reply #52 on: Dec 06, 2019, 02:10:45 pm »
 

Al Bundy

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On December 5, 1918, exactly one hundred and one years ago, the Serbian Army entered Zagreb because the city authorities of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which had been in disintegration, left the city.



The citizens of Zagreb ( today capital of Republic of Croatia ) welcomed the Serbs with banners and professions:
Live freedom!
Long live Yugoslavia!
Long live King Aleksandar!


Just two weeks before that, on November 20, welcoming the liberation Serbian army at a port in the Croatian city of Split, the most respected Croatian politician,  Josip Smodlaka said to the assembled enthusiastic people:

"Brethren to our beloved heart, the dead Serbian knights! Welcome our invincible hawks! Welcome our liberators, proud of our flowers, most beautiful, dearest!
Blessed was the hour we saw you! Bless you every rate!
Blessed mothers who give birth to you! Blessed cradle that has blown you away! Blessed are your desolate homes, which in the black depend on us to be able to shed this golden sun of freedom, which now shines on us.
How long we have been after this time…! Together with you, we call on the one who prepared you for the victories, your supreme leader, grandson of the Grand Leader of Karadjordje, your Кing and ours.

Long live King Peter!

Long live the Serbian army! "
 

Re: Balkans in WW1
« Reply #53 on: Today at 09:27:06 am »
 

Al Bundy

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  Serbian Regent Aleksandar Karadjordjević, 7/29/1914 Nis, Serbia

    "To my heroic and dear Serbs!
      There is a lot of evil will come on our Serbia. Austria-Hungary has declared war on us. Now, we all have to be united and heroes.
The troubles of our kingdom and our people with Austria have not started since yesterday *.
Wherever Vienna needed, the greatest promises were made that it would be right to act with the Serbs and Croats  **, and yet it remained unfulfilled. Serbian and Croatian border guards, and so many of our heroes, gave blood all over Europe for the glory and honor of the Imperial Palace in Vienna .... Serbia always did everything in its power to live in a friendship with the neighboring Еmpire - it's all nothing helped....




Serbia sincerely regretted this fatal event, convicted that it would hand over to the court of every participant *** but quickly saw with astonishment that the Austrians .... throwing their headache to their own mismanagement or to some of the culprits of the act rather than the Kingdom of Serbia. No matter what the murder is only one man, their subject, with the help of several comrades, and in their country, in the eyes of their authorities, Austria forbade our...officers, the Serbian government, and ultimately the entire Kingdom of Serbia and all the Serbs wherever they are. So the accusation of an independent state for guilty others is unique in the history of Europe, where such crimes are, unfortunately, not rare ....

Although a hard heart is aware of all the difficulties and hazards, just at the time when the Serbian warriors were preparing to gather the fruits of their efforts **** I am forced to invite all my dear and brave Serbs under the Serbian tricolor with the conviction that they will, and on this occasion, Show that past ... In our glorious past, the elderly and the newer, there are many testimonies that a Serb, when he is united, can win a much bigger opponent. Let's testify once again that a Serb can sacrifice for his homeland and ... by sacrificing (like the Medieval knight Obilic ) in front of many ardent enemies.
     Serbs defend your homes and the Serbian tribe with all your might.

                                                                                      ( signatures of all members of the Serbian government)

Source: Silvia Djuric "Dnevnik pobede", (p.20), Belgrade, 1988.

* Great Powers in Berlin 1878, allowed Austro-Hungary to occupy Bosnia and Herzegovina to restore law and order.
"Pig war" 1906-1908 ( Austro-Hungarian sanctions against Serbia ).
In 1908 Emperor Francis Joseph I unilaterally declared Bosnia and Herzegovina as part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and provoked a crisis that came to the brink of war with Serbia and Russia ("The Annexion Crisis"),   
1912/1913 Serbia withdrew from the exit to the Ionian Sea after Austria-Hungary was threatened with war etc.

**It is already here (between lines) in the first war proclamation of Regent Alexander that the war goal of Serbia is not only defense but the liberation of Serbs and Croats in Austria-Hungary and the creation of a new state of Yugoslavia !
*** murders in Sarajevo in June, 28
**** Brilliant victories of Serbian soldiers in both Balkan wars ( Turks, Albanians and Bulgarians ).

12/7 1914. On propositon of Serbian PM ,FM  and President of Radical Party Nikola Pasic the Serbian Parliament adopted the Niš Declaration (7 December 1914) on the war goals of Serbia: "Convinced that the entire Serbian nation is determined to persevere in the holy struggle for the defense of their homesteads and their freedom, the government of the Kingdom (of Serbia) considers that, in these fateful times, its main and only task is to ensure the successful completion of this great warfare which, at the moment when it started, also became a struggle for the liberation and unification of all our unliberated Serbian, Croatian and Slovenian brothers. The great success which is to crown this warfare will make up for the extremely bloody sacrifices which this generation of Serbs is making". This amounted to announcing Serbia's intention to annex extensive amounts of Austria-Hungary's Balkan provinces.

P.S. On Wikipedia about Nis Declaration there source which is fake - John R. Lampe (28 March 2000). Yugoslavia as History: Twice There Was a Country. Cambridge University Press. p. 103. ISBN 978-0-521-77401-7. He wrote that "Neither did any recognition of a separate Macedonian "tribe"; they were still regarded as an "unformed element," like the Bosnian Muslims, that could be easily assimilated as Serbs."

P.P.S. Why Macedonians did not recognized as nation by Yugoslav Government i do not know. What is "unformed element" ?
First was the Serbs was on their mind are to come home to their family after 2 years of fighting and suffering. Serbs are not in their mind to "assimilate anyone".
Muslims. The Muslims are not live only in Bosnia. They live in Monte Negro, Serbia, Herzegovina...
"Bosnian Muslims" are not ethnic community. They are Serbs who were on different ways convert to Islam during long Turkish occupation of these
regions. By the way, some "Bosnian Muslims" better speak Serbian language then Serbs on southeast Serbia. Example is movie director Emir Kusturica who found his Serbian routs. Muslims in Kingdom of Yugoslavia had their own Political Party - Yugoslav Muslim Organization ( JMO ) and their was MP and even ministers. In Kingdom of Yugoslavia there is no converting any Religion groups in Christian Orthodox Church...never by force. Even Germans lived in Serbia in peace ( Volk Deutchers ). 

Critics said about book of J. Lampe that "He brings to this history a decidedly American perspective."
 

 

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