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Brucellosis spreading drug resistant too and doggies

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Brucellosis spreading drug resistant too and doggies
« on: May 12, 2019, 10:11:04 am »


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Brucellosis is a bacterial infection that spreads from animals to people — most often via unpasteurized milk, cheese and other dairy products. More rarely, the bacteria that cause brucellosis can spread through the air or through direct contact with infected animals.

Brucellosis symptoms may include fever, joint pain and fatigue. The infection can usually be treated successfully with antibiotics. Treatment takes several weeks to months, however, and relapses are common.

While brucellosis is uncommon in the United States, the disease affects hundreds of thousands of people and animals worldwide.


Risk factors

Brucellosis is very rare in the United States. Other parts of the world have much higher rates of brucellosis infection, especially:

Around the Mediterranean Sea
Eastern Europe
    Latin America

The Caribbean
The Middle East

People who live or travel in these areas are more likely to consume unpasteurized goat cheese, sometimes called village cheese. Unpasteurized goat cheese imported from Mexico has been linked to many cases of brucellosis in the United States.


Vaccinate domestic animals. In the United States, an aggressive vaccination program has nearly eliminated brucellosis in livestock herds. Because the brucellosis vaccine is live, it can cause disease in people. Anyone who has an accidental needle stick while vaccinating an animal should be treated.

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Exposures to Drug-Resistant Brucellosis Linked to Raw Milk
Posted February 8, 2019


­The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and state health officials are investigating potential exposures to Brucella strain RB51 (RB51) in 19 states, connected to consuming raw (unpasteurized) milk from Miller’s Biodiversity Farm in Quarryville, Pennsylvania. One case of RB51 infection (brucellosis) has been confirmed in New York, and an unknown number of people may have been exposed to RB51 from drinking the milk from this farm. This type of Brucella is resistant to first-line drugs and can be difficult to diagnose because of limited testing options and the fact that early brucellosis symptoms are similar to those of more common illnesses like flu.­


RB51 is a live, weakened strain used in a vaccine to protect cows against a more severe form of Brucella infection that can cause abortions in cows and severe illness in people. On rare occasions, cows vaccinated with RB51 vaccine can shed the bacteria in their milk. People who drink raw milk from cows that are shedding RB51 can develop brucellosis.

RB51 is resistant to rifampin, one of the antibiotics that would typically be used to prevent or treat brucellosis. CDC recommends that anyone who may have been exposed to RB51 go to their doctor to see if they need antibiotics to prevent infection and symptoms from developing.


As of January 22, 2019, investigators have determined that people in 19 states have bought or consumed raw milk from the implicated farm. The states are Alabama, California, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, and Virginia.

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Officials: Cases of disease that can be transferred from dog to human confirmed in Iowa
Updated 6:11 p.m. CT May 11, 2019

State officials are warning the public about a disease in dogs that can be passed to humans.

State Veterinarian Dr. Jeff Kaisand has confirmed several cases of "canine Brucellosis" coming from a commercial small-dog breeding facility in Marion County. The sickness is known to only affect dogs and humans, according to the Iowa Department of Public Health.

Those who have recently acquired a small dog from Marion County should get their pet  tested, Kaisand said. Any questions should be directed to your primary doctor or the department of public health. Pet owners and those who come in contact with animals are being reminded to wash their hands regularly.

"The threat to most pet owners is considered very low," the release reads. "Dog breeders, veterinary staff and anyone who comes in contact with blood, tissues and fluids during the birthing process may be at higher risk and should consult their primary care physician."

The disease is most common in kennels and breeding facilities, the IDPH said.

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Migrants maybe introducing the disease back into the US ../..  ( they are employed in the slaughterhouses and dairy farms and kennels  etc ... no that cant be ...
Brucella isolated in humans and animals in Latin America from 1968 to 2006
Published online 2007 Jun 11

We report a retrospective analysis of 1933 Brucella strains isolated from humans and animals in Latin American countries between 1968 and 1991 and in Argentina between 1994 and 2006. During the first period 50% of strains were from humans, mainly from Argentina, Mexico and Peru but, while B. suis was the main cause of infection in Argentina, B. melitensis was responsible for most infections in the other countries.
While in some countries the incidence of brucellosis is declining as a result of control measures in cattle, goats and sheep, the disease persists in the Mediterranean basin, the Middle East, the Arabian Gulf and some Latin American countries [1–3]. Brucellosis has been reported in Latin America since the first decade of the 20th century and remains to this day a major zoonosis despite campaigns for its control. Its persistence and wide distribution in different animal hosts is facilitated by the peculiar geographic, climatic and economic conditions of the area. Some determining factors which have not been sufficiently defined are the methods of cattle husbandry, nomadic or semi-nomadic goat herding and the incidence of porcine brucellosis. Control programmes are sometimes ineffective due to the lack of sustainable funding over time [4–6]. Isolation of a Brucella sp. in humans and animals provides irrefutable evidence of the infection [1, 7, 8] but in this region statutory diagnosis is achieved mainly by serological tests, and isolation of Brucella spp. from clinical specimens often relies on epidemiological investigations or look-back exercises.

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